The Harrington rod surgery has been replaced by other surgeries such the eXtreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF), which may be done alone or with Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF). The XLIF is called less invasive because the surgeon makes an incision through the patient’s side instead of a long incision down the back. The PLIF adds a bone graft fusion in the spine. A 2010 study says these surgeries still pose significant risks.
3Pedicle screw systems, first developed by Cotrel & Dubousset, can correct the rotation of the vertebrae and balance the body. This system of screws is said to withstand wear and tear much better than the old spinal rods. Complications during and after surgery are still a huge threat, though. Serious complications include fluid in or around the lungs, spinal cord injuries and death. Lower limb pain, a wound rupture or infection and pneumonia are among the minor complications of scoliosis surgery.